AESTHETICS OF INDIAN ART
Motive Power In India's Art
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All the dynamic impulses of India’s art have come from a people’s efforts at self-realization, as they are influenced by their way of life, religious thought, and by the impressions they derive from their environment.
What has been the source of the most vital impulses in Indian art and how do they connect with Indian life and thought?
Our analysis of these questions would be incomplete by merely using the inductive method. It is rather by living in the atmosphere in which art grows and by opening one’s mind to the impressions of its environment that one comes intuitively to a true understanding of it.
There is no artistic movement that has ever existed or could exist so long and be so intimately bound up with a people’s life as that of India, which had not its deepest roots in the impressions made upon the human mind by the spiritual and material environment in which that art was created.
The Indian artist is both priest and poet.
The Indian artist believes that the highest type of beauty must be sought after, not in the imitation, or selection, of human or natural forms, but in the endeavor to suggest something finer or more subtle than ordinary physical beauty.
Realism to the Indian artist has a different meaning from what a western audience attaches to it. Indian philosophy regards all we see in Nature as transitory, illusive phenomenon and declares that the only reality is the Divine Essence, or Spirit.
Therefore, what is visible to the human eye in Indian philosophy is merely an illusive reflection of Maya, or things transitory and thus not worthy of imitation. What the Indian artist has sought to express is the Unknowable or the Divine Spirit which is the only true reality. Therefore, in appreciating Indian art our starting point must be in comprehending this fundamentally differing concept of what realism means to the Indian artist and the subordinate place western realistic art held in Indian art philosophy.
Let us examine some of those powerful spiritual and material impressions, and their enduring forms in Indian Art.
Self-realization a Dynamic Impulse
Process of true understanding
Impressions of your own environment
Artist a Priest and Poet
Purest Beauty is beyond physical
Realism has a different meaning for Indian Artist